Different types of meditation:
Meditation is diverse, and there are so many types of meditation in the world that some of them have not yet been classified for the reason that some religious and spiritual schools have developed their own techniques and techniques for performing meditation that are available only to adepts of these schools and teachings. This closed knowledge is esoteric. We will talk about those types of meditation that are widely known and have earned a reputation for being beneficial practices, both from the point of view of physical, mental and spiritual development.
Types of meditation for beginners:
There are many types of meditation for beginners such as
Trataka -meditation-contemplation of the flame of a candle,
metta meditation, or loving-kindness meditation,
meditation on an object,
meditation on the Ideal, deity,
There are no other types of meditation. It would seem that meditation for a person of a Western mindset is associated with such names as Zen meditation or nada yoga, but by no means with the Jesus Prayer or whirling dervishes. And yet, Christian teachings, like Islam, have their own traditions that are directly related to the meditation process, although officially few people call the continuous recitation of prayers meditation.
The difference between meditations for beginners and those in advanced practitioners is the degree of immersion in meditation, the depth of awareness and the duration of stay in this state. Another telling example of how meditation for beginners differs from meditation practiced by experienced people is the ease and speed with which experienced practitioners immerse themselves in meditation. Sometimes it is enough just to tune in, take a couple of inhalations and exhalations, and the person's mind is already working at other frequencies. It is known that in the process of meditation the wave activity of the brain changes. The oscillation frequency inherent in human activity in a state of full wakefulness is replaced by tranquility, beta rhythms go into alpha, and they, in turn, slow down even more and become theta rhythms. It is not at all necessary to completely immerse yourself in the theta state, it will be enough to achieve alpha rhythms with some interspersed with theta waves. At this level of brain activity, meditation is most fruitful and its healing effect manifests itself best.
Types of meditation in Buddhism:
Meditation is primarily a means for transforming the mind, way of thinking and the whole psyche of a person. Unsurprisingly, Buddhism emphasizes the practice of meditation. Although it is believed that Buddha Shakyamuni laid the foundation for this tradition, but if we look even deeper in the direction from which Buddhism itself originates, then we will understand that meditation and meditation techniques are the legacy of the Vedas, it was on them that the great founder of yoga relied Patanjali, creating his own system of the eightfold path, or the so-called ashtanga yoga.
People often understand yoga as practicing asanas, physical exercises, the purpose of which is to develop a person harmoniously in several directions at once, and although the physical aspect in the practice of asanas comes first, nevertheless the psychological and spiritual components play a big role. If you ignore them and pay attention only to the physiological direction, then the effect of performing asanas, of course, will be, but about the same as if you were doing gymnastics or stretching, while yoga is primarily a spiritual practice, where psycho- physical exercise plays a supportive role and prepares the student for the transition to higher-level practices such as pranayama, pratyahara, dharana and meditation.
What types of meditation are Shamatha and Vipashyana :
It is worth noting that when we talk about meditation, it is not entirely correct to consider it as an independent step or discipline. The steps of yoga are organically interconnected, so even if at the initial stages of practice it seems to you that you have not yet approached meditation or dharana (the a